Try Server
The Thunderbird try server works in exactly the same way to the Firefox try server with a few minor differences. The automation is based on the same hardware and tools, so there should be few differences.
Thunderbird's Try server is often referred to as "try-comm-central", or "try-cc", but usually it's just known as Try. Use an upper-case T if it makes things clearer.

Getting access to the Try Server

To use the try server, you'll need Level 1 Commit Access. You can learn more about Mozilla's commit access policies and start the process of signing up for an account here: Becoming a Mozilla Contributor

Adding Try to your Mercurial configuration

Try server has a separate repository based upon comm-central. You'll need to add the address to your Mercurial configuration file at path/to/comm-central/.hg/hgrc:
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[paths]
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default = https://hg.mozilla.org/comm-central
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try = ssh://hg.mozilla.org/try-comm-central
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You can of course access the repository via HTTP, but not push to it, hence the ssh:// address.

Pushing to Try

Having gained level 1 access and configured Mercurial, you can push to Try. In general, it's just a matter of applying your patch(es) and running hg push -f try.
Pushing to try-comm-central will create builds using the most recent mozilla-central code, which may or may not be a good idea at the time. Generally it's okay, but there may be unresolved problems between the two repositories. If you strike a problem, ask in the #maildev Matrix chat room. You can also work with a specific mozilla-central revision, see "Testing mozilla-central patches" below.

Choosing what tasks to run

You can (and should) control what testing tasks you want to run on your push. There are several methods to do so:

Try syntax

This is the easiest and most common way. A special code (known as Try syntax) is put in the commit message of the tip-most revision being pushed, for example try: -b o -p linux64 -u all creates only an "opt" build on 64-bit Linux, and runs all of the tests on that build.
Here is the Try syntax try-comm-central understands:
  • -b Build type. Use o for an opt build (most common), d for a debug build, or do for both.
  • -p Platform. There are five platforms. Each also has a -shippable variant, which is a complication you probably don't need to think about.
    • linux 32-bit Linux
    • linux64 64-bit Linux
    • macosx64 Mac OS (if you don't need a debug build, specify macosx64-shippable instead)
    • win32 32-bit Windows
    • win64 64-bit Windows
    • all for all platforms
  • -u Unit test suites.
    • mochitest-thunderbird
    • xpcshell
    • all
  • --artifact Artifact builds. See the Artifact Builds page for more information.

Try task configuration

For more control, a special file named try_task_config.json and containing a list of the tasks to run is included in one of the pushed revisions.
The contents of the file look like this:
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{
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"version": 1,
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"use-artifact-builds": true,
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"tasks": [
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-mochitest-thunderbird-e10s-1",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-mochitest-thunderbird-e10s-2",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-mochitest-thunderbird-e10s-3",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-mochitest-thunderbird-e10s-4",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-mochitest-thunderbird-e10s-5",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-mochitest-thunderbird-e10s-6",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-mochitest-thunderbird-e10s-7",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-xpcshell-e10s-1",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-xpcshell-e10s-2",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-xpcshell-e10s-3",
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"test-linux1804-64-qr/opt-xpcshell-e10s-4"
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]
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}
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use-artifact-builds tells the Try server to do an artifact build. Set to false or remove it for a full build. See the Artifact Builds page for more information.
tasks is a list of tasks to run. In this example it's all of the 64-bit Linux tests. A 64-bit Linux build will also run, because it is required by the tasks specified.
A copy of the file with all available tests is maintained here. A typical workflow would be to copy the file into your working directory, remove the tasks you don't want to run, and commit it. For efficiency you could export the commit as a patch and import it again when needed.
Task configurations and names change over time. If you're not getting the tasks you requested, this may be why.
To find the name of any particular task, click on existing instance in Treeherder, then look for the "job name" in the lower-left corner of the page.

Adding tasks to an empty Try run

If you commit with neither Try syntax nor a try_task_config.json file (or you want to add to an existing run), you can one or more tasks using Treeherder. Once the decision (D) task has completed, click the drop-down arrow to the right of it, and choose "Add new jobs".

Testing mozilla-central patches

If you have changes that affect mozilla-central, you may wish to do a Try run to check Thunderbird isn't broken. Here's how:
  1. 1.
    In your mozilla-central directory, apply your patch. Then run ./mach try empty to push to the mozilla-central Try repository. You'll need to know the revision number of your push, which will be in the message printed to the console.
  2. 2.
    Move to your comm-central directory.
  3. 3.
    Modify the file .gecko_rev.yml – change GECKO_HEAD_REPOSITORY to https://hg.mozilla.org/try, and GECKO_HEAD_REF to point to the revision you previously pushed to M-C's try with mach try empty.
  4. 4.
    Now push to try-comm-central as per usual.
You can change .gecko_rev.yml to point to any revision on the mozilla-* trees to test your comm-central patch against them.

Testing comm-beta and comm-esr patches

When doing a Try run for patches to comm-beta or comm-esr##, the steps are the same as when doing a Try run for comm-central. (For example, you do not need to change anything in your hgrc file.) The try server is smart enough to automatically detect which one to build and test. This works because of the .gecko_rev.yml file. Note that some things might not work the same way as on comm-central (e.g. the --artifact option only works on comm-central).